JAVA: Features, Components, Platforms & Future Scope

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Java is an object-oriented programming language that allows you to create applications for a variety of platforms. When a programmer addresses a Java application, the compiled code also known as bytecode runs on the following operating systems: Windows, Linux, and Mac OS. Java borrows a lot of its syntax from C and C++ programming languages.

However, many new techies and even business leaders are either relying on professional IT services or trying to gain knowledge on their self-grading JAVA. If you are one of them who is trying to enter the landscape of JAVA, you are at the right place. We shall walk you through the JAVA programming language with this article. Make sure you are reading it till the end. 

What Is JAVA Programming Language?

JAVA Programming language is an all-purpose, object-oriented, and class-based programming language that is developed for inheriting more subordinate implementation dependencies. JAVA is considered a fast, secure, and computing platform when it comes to developing applications. Due to its versatility, JAVA is widely used by developers around the world in the field of data centers, game consoles, scientific supercomputers, Java applications in laptops and the list goes on. 

What Is JAVA Platform?

JAVA Platform is the completion of programs that helps developers to execute JAVA programs without any eternal effort. There are a set of libraries, an execution engine, a compiler that helps developers in the development cycle. The JAVA platform was developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems. Afterward, Oracle acquires it. 

There are four platforms of the Java programming language: 

  • Java Platform, Micro Edition (Java ME): It is a computing platform for the development and deployment of manageable code for embedded and mobile devices 
  • Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE): It is a computing program for the development and deployment of code for desktop and server settings. 
  • Java FX  It is a collection of graphics and media packages that allows developers to compose, design, test, debug, and deploy rich applications that conduct consistently over various platforms.:
  • Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE): It is a collection of various technologies and APIs that is used in the JAVA Platform to support enterprise applications. 

What JAVA Is Used For?

JAVA is considered to be one of the most widely used programming languages and also extends its support in server-side languages along with back-end development projects. Developers are using JAVA for developing desktop computing, games, mobile and numerical computing. Not only this, but big data and Android development are other commonly used spheres for the JAVA platform.  We will also share the common cases where JAVA is used. 

  • JAVA is used in building interactive Android Apps and an Enterprise Software
  • You can also take support of JAVA in creating a wide range of mobile Java applications 
  • Developers are also taking help in creating Scientific Computing Applications
  • Big Data Analytics is also taking support of JAVA programming languages 
  • Not only this, Server-Side Technologies like Apache, JBoss, GlassFish, etc are also relying on JAVA. 

What Are Real World Java Applications Examples? 

  • SIM cards use Java technology 
  • Blu-ray disc 
  • Mat lab
  • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems 
  • Customer Resource Management (CRM) systems
  • Netflix 
  • Tinder 
  • Google Earth 
  • Uber
  • Murex
  • Amazon
  • Broadleaf
  • Wayfair
  • Acrobat Reader 
  • ThinkFree
  • Real-time Java-based Big data Technologies (Hadoop, Apache, HBase, ElasticSearch, Accumulo)
  • IDEs like Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, and Net beans
  • J2ME Apps

What Are The Components Of JAVA?

The components are diversified into three categories: Java Development Kit (JDK), Java Virtual Machine (JVM), and Java Runtime Environment (JRE). We will discuss each one of them below: 

  • Java Development Kit (JDK) is used in making applets and Java applications under the software development environment. JDK helps developers to code and run Java programs on Linux,macOS, Solaris, and  Windows. The main reason for using Java Development Kit (JDK) is that it can write Java programs and JRE to execute them. JDK also includes a compiler, JAVA application launcher, and so on. The dedicated software development team can make you understand better about this JAVA component.
  • Java Virtual Machine (JVM): JVM is an engine that implements a runtime setting to drive the Java Code or applications. Apart from this, JVM is an important part of the Java Run Environment (JRE). It offers an independent platform to execute Java source code. Not only this, but JVM also offers diverse libraries, tools, and frameworks.
  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) It is designed in such a way that JRE helps in running the other software. There is a vast list of class libraries, Java Virtual Machine (JVM), loader class. Developers can not move ahead in order to run a JAVA program without JRE. 

Features Of JAVA

As said above, Java is a strong and widely used programming language. We have shared the features of Java to understand it in more detail. 

  • Java is an Object-Oriented programming language
  • Java is simple and familiar because of its clean coding style
  • Java combines the control of Compiled Languages with the versatility of Interpreted Languages.
  • The most important feature of Java is that it gives an independent platform that empowers portability, and flexibility 
  • Java can handle run-time errors, maintains automatic garbage collection along with exception handling Java also withdraws explicit pointer concepts.
  • Java is secure as it maintains a path for modifiers to control memory access and also assures that no viruses can enter an applet.
  • Java is multithreaded as it can handle various tasks simultaneously 

Future Of JAVA

The future of JAVA can not be predicted, but we are sure JAVA won’t disappear in the upcoming prospects. JAVA has a virtual machine that helps developers to write the code on various operating systems like Linux and Microsoft Windows. Apart from this, JAVA also runs with the latest updates to process its progress for better performance. We have also mentioned some amazing real-time applications that have implemented JAVA in their development process. 

In addition to this, it is to be expected that the global community of developers is to be increased by 28.7 million in 2024. Apart from this, 64.1% of developers would prefer to continue to code in Java along with SQL, HTML/CSS, and Python. Not only this but many giant corporations like Google, Microsoft, and Amazon are still utilizing Java in their software development processes.

The Recap

This is all about JAVA. We hope you like this article and also share it with other techies who are trying to get insight into JAVA’s landscape. Apart from this, we tried to keep this article concise and crisp to deliver the exact required knowledge. If we missed out at any point, let us know in the comments section below. Don’t forget to share it with your social circle.

Author’s Bio:  Alicia works with the editorial team of A3logics, a leading company offering enterprise mobility services. Exploring the latest technologies, reading about them, and writing her views have always been her passion. She seeks new opportunities to express her opinions, explore technological advancements, and document the details. You can always find her enjoying books or articles about varied topics or jotting down her ideas in a notebook.

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